External walls

1
close

Bay and Oriel Windows

A bay window starts at ground level while an oriel starts at first floor level.

More about bay and oriel windows

2
close

Lintels and Beams

Lintels support the walls above an opening and can suffer from damp in the walls around them.

How to protect your lintels

3
close

Front Gutters

Plant growth and staining under the gutter indicate leaks and overflows which can damage timber

Preventing damp from gutters

4
close

Mullions

These are the vertical stones between windows, helping support the lintels above

Maintaining your mullions

5
close

External Wall Features

String courses, canopies, hoods, parapets, copings, cornices architraves and cills.

What they do and how to maintain

6
close

Cracks

These can be an indication of structural problems but many just indicate a need for repair

Which cracks to worry about

7
close

Rear Walls

Less ornate than front walls, they still need maintenance to maintain the health of your building

More about rear walls

8
close

Stone Defects

Stone does not last forever and can be damaged by damp, cement pointing and unsuitable repairs. 

Dealing with stone defects

9
close

Damp Proof Courses and Basements

Maintain ventilation to keep lower stone walls dry. 

Below Ground Level

external wall focus.png

1. Bay and Oriel Windows

A bay window starts at ground level while an oriel starts at first floor level.

More about bay and oriel windows

2. Lintels and Beams

Lintels support the walls above an opening and can suffer from damp in the walls around them.

How to protect your lintels

3. Front Gutters

Plant growth and staining under the gutter indicate leaks and overflows which can damage timber

Preventing damp from gutters

4. Mullions

These are the vertical stones between windows, helping support the lintels above

Maintaining your mullions

5. External Wall Features

String courses, canopies, hoods, parapets, copings, cornices architraves and cills.

What they do and how to maintain

6. Cracks

These can be an indication of structural problems but many just indicate a need for repair

Which cracks to worry about

7. Rear Walls

Less ornate than front walls, they still need maintenance to maintain the health of your building

More about rear walls

8. Stone Defects

Stone does not last forever and can be damaged by damp, cement pointing and unsuitable repairs. 

Dealing with stone defects

9. Damp Proof Courses and Basements

Maintain ventilation to keep lower stone walls dry. 

Below Ground Level